heavy metal subgenres - page 3
thrash metal > 1980s > Teutonic thrash metal
cultural origins: 1980s, Germany
Teutonic thrash metal, or just Teutonic metal, is a regional form of thrash metal that originated in Germany during the 1980s and was heavily influenced by the new wave of British heavy metal. Teutonic thrash is often considered to be “less thrashy” than regular thrash metal, and the style is known to incorporate raspy vocals, palm muted guitar riffs and frantic double bass drumming. Notable Teutonic bands include Kreator, Destruction, Sodom, Holy Moses, Iron Angel, Tankard and Living Death.
Kreator – Living in Fear; Sodom – Burst Command Til War-with; Destruction – Eternal Ban:
thrash metal > 1980s > Brazilian thrash metal
Brazilian thrash metal is a regional scene of thrash metal music that originated during the 1980s in Brazil. Along with Bay Area thrash metal, and Teutonic thrash metal, it was one of the major scenes of thrash metal in the 1980s. Though not as large or well known as the North American or European thrash movements, it is still a pivotal point in heavy metal, as it bridges the gap between the thrash of the mid-1980s and the death metal scene later in the decade, as well as part of the first wave black metal.
The split album Ultimatum, with bands Dorsal Atlântica and Metalmorphose, came out around the same time as Kill ‘Em All by Metallica, War and Pain by Voivod, and Sentence of Death by Destruction. Dorsal Atlântica from Rio de Janeiro were pioneers because of their record being officially released, but there were other bands releasing demos, like Vulcano from São Paulo and Sepultura from Belo Horizonte.1“Brazilian Thrash Metal.” En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazilian_thrash_metal.
Dorsal Atlântica – Antes Do Fim; Vulcano – Witche’s Sabbath; Sepultura – Morbid Visions:
doom metal > mid 1980s > sludge metal
sludge metal (sludge doom):
stylistic origins: doom metal / hardcore punk / southern rock / grunge
cultural origins: mid-1980s to early 1990s, United States
Sludge metal began as a derivative of doom metal, incorporating hardcore punk and elements of Southern rock.
Many sludge bands compose slow and heavy songs that contain brief hardcore passages.
However, some bands emphasize fast tempos throughout their music. The string instruments are heavily distorted and are often played with large amounts of feedback to produce an abrasive, sludgy sound. Drumming is often performed in typical doom metal fashion, but drummers may employ hardcore d-beat or double-kick drumming during faster passages. Vocals are usually shouted or screamed, and lyrics are generally pessimistic in nature. Suffering, drug abuse, politics and anger towards society are common lyrical themes.
New Orleans with its metal scene is often considered as its birthplace. The style was pioneered in the early 1990s by bands such as Eyehategod, Crowbar, Buzzov*en and Acid Bath.
Eyehategod – Southern Discomfort; Crowbar – Walk With Knowledge Wisely; Acid Bath – Toubabo Koomi:
sludge metal subgenres: southern sludge, stoner sludge
mid 1980s > death metal
stylistic origins: thrash metal / first wave black metal / hardcore punk
cultural origins: mid-1980s, United States
regional scenes: Brazil, Florida, New York, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom
Death metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. It typically employs heavily distorted and low-tuned guitars played with techniques such as palm muting and tremolo picking, deep growling vocals, aggressive, powerful drumming featuring double kick or blast beat techniques, minor keys or atonality, abrupt tempo, key, and time signature changes and chromatic chord progressions.
The lyrical themes of death metal may invoke slasher film-stylized violence, religion (sometimes Satanism), occultism, Lovecraftian horror, nature, mysticism, mythology, philosophy, science fiction, and politics, and they may describe extreme acts, including mutilation, dissection, torture, rape, cannibalism, and necrophilia.
Building from the musical structure of thrash metal and early black metal, death metal emerged during the mid-1980s. Bands such as Venom, Celtic Frost, Slayer, and Kreator were important influences on the genre’s creation. Possessed and Death, along with bands such as Obituary, Autopsy and Morbid Angel, are often considered pioneers of the genre.2“Death Metal.” En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_metal.
Death-Scream Bloody Gore; Morbid Angel – Lions Den; Possessed-Seven Churches (Full album):
death metal subgenres: industrial death metal, melodic death metal, slam death metal, symphonic death metal, technical death metal
derivate: grindcore, groove metal
fusion genres: blackened death metal, death-doom, deathcore, deathgrind, death ‘n’ roll, goregrind, pornogrind
doom metal > mid 1980s > death/doom
death/doom (death-doom or deathdoom):
stylistic origins: death metal / doom metal
cultural origins: late 1980s, various locations
regional scenes: United Kingdom, United States, Finland, Netherlands
Death-doom is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. It combines the slow tempos and pessimistic or depressive mood of doom metal with the deep growling vocals and double kick drumming of death metal. The genre emerged in the mid-1980s and gained a certain amount of popularity during the 1990s, but had become less common by the turn of the 21st century. In turn, death/doom gave rise to the closely related genre of funeral doom as well as to the more melodic and romantic gothic metal. The death/doom genre originated in the mid-1980s when the early progenitors like Dream Death began to mix traditional doom metal with the sounds of thrash and the nascent death metal scene. Early records by such bands as Paradise Lost, My Dying Bride, and Anathema combined the sounds of mid-1980s Celtic Frost and Candlemass with the use of female vocals, keyboards and, in the case of My Dying Bride, violins.3“Death-Doom.” En.Wikipedia.Org, 2018, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death-doom.
Paradise Lost – Beneath Broken Earth; Cianide – Funeral; My Dying Bride – Your River:
derivative forms: gothic metal, funeral doom
mid 1980s > avant-garde metal
avant-garde metal (avant-garde metal, avant-metal or experimental metal):
stylistic origins: heavy metal / progressive rock / extreme metal
cultural origins: mid-1980s, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Japan, United States
Avant-garde metal or avant-metal, also known as experimental metal, is a subgenre of heavy metal music loosely defined by use of experimentation and characterized by the use of innovative, avant-garde elements, large-scale experimentation, and the use of non-standard and unconventional sounds, instruments, song structures, playing styles, and vocal techniques.
It evolved out of a progressive rock, jazz fusion, and extreme metal, particularly death metal.
Pioneers of experimental metal include Boris, Celtic Frost, Earth, Helmet, Maudlin of the Well, Neurosis, Sunn O))), and Voivod.
Celtic Frost – A Dying God Coming Into Human Flesh; Helmet – Unsung; Sunn O))) & Boris – The Sinking Belle Blue Sheep: