heavy metal subgenres - page 4
mid 1980s > alternative metal
alternative metal (alt-metal):
stylistic origins: alternative rock / heavy metal
cultural origins: mid-1980s, United States
Alternative metal is a style of heavy metal and alternative rock which emerged in the mid-1980s and gained popularity in the early 1990s.
One of the main characteristics of alternative metal and its subgenres are heavily down-tuned, mid-paced “chug”-like guitar riffs. Alternative metal bands are also often characterized by melodic vocals, unconventional sounds within other heavy metal genres, unconventional song structures and sometimes experimental approaches to heavy music.
Many of the early alternative metal bands originated from Los Angeles. Prominent bands in this genre include Alice in Chains, Faith No More, Helmet, Life of Agony, Rollins Band and Tool.
More modern bands include Breaking Benjamin, Chevelle, Godsmack and System of a Down.
alternative metal subgenres: funk metal / nu metal / rap metal
alternative metal > mid 1980s > funk metal
funk metal (thrash funk):
stylistic origins: funk rock / heavy metal / alternative metal / funk / dance-punk / thrash metal
cultural origins: mid 1980s, United States
Funk metal is essentially a fusion of heavy metal and funk. It started off in the late eighties as a subgenre of alternative metal and was heavily influenced by bands such as Red Hot Chili Peppers and Fishbone.
Funk metal bands often use a conventional riffing style influenced by 1980s thrash metal, unlike bands from other alternative metal genres.
During the late-’90s, many bands which started out as funk metal branched out into more commercially viable genres, such as alternative rock and nu metal. Notable funk metal bands include Living Colour, Infectious Grooves, Mordred, Primus, and Rage Against the Machine.
alternative metal > 1980s > rap metal
stylistic origins: hip-hop / alternative metal / heavy metal / rap rock / thrash metal
cultural origins: 1980s, United States
Rap metal bands institute the vocal and lyrical form of hip-hop. Examples of rap metal include Crazy Town, Clawfinger, Stuck Mojo, Skindred and Rage Against The Machine. The thrash metal band Anthrax also helped pioneer the genre.
Rap metal is often mislabeled as rapcore (a genre which fuses hardcore punk with hip-hop) or nu metal, a genre which has similar elements in the music, rap metal usually does not include turntables or sampling into its sound, although keyboards are often used. Rap metal bands, unlike nu-metal bands, are almost always fronted by rappers.
Anthrax – I’m The Man; Clawfinger – Do What I Say; Rage Against The Machine – Killing In the Name:
1980s > black metal
stylistic origins: thrash metal / death metal / hardcore punk
cultural origins: early to mid-1980s, England, Scandinavia
regional scenes: France, Greece, Norway, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United States, Sweden
Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music.
Common traits include fast tempos, a shrieking vocal style, heavily distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, raw (lo-fi) recording, unconventional song structures, and an emphasis on atmosphere. Artists often appear in corpse paint and adopt pseudonyms.
During the 1980s, several thrash and death metal bands formed a prototype for black metal.
This so-called first wave included bands such as Venom, Bathory, Mercyful Fate, Hellhammer and Celtic Frost. A second wave arose in the early-1990s, spearheaded by Norwegian bands such as Mayhem, Darkthrone, Burzum, Immortal, Emperor, Satyricon, and Gorgoroth. The early Norwegian black metal scene developed the style of their forebears into a distinct genre. Norwegian-inspired black metal scenes emerged throughout Europe and North America, although some other scenes developed their own styles independently.
Some prominent Swedish bands spawned during this second wave, such as Marduk, Nifelheim, and Dark Funeral.
Marduk – Dark Endless; Immortal – All Shall Fall; Satyricon – King:
Initially, a synonym for “satanic metal,” black metal is often met with hostility from mainstream culture, due to the actions and ideologies associated with it.
Many artists express extreme anti-Christian and misanthropic views, advocating various forms of Satanism or ethnic paganism. In the 1990s, members of the scene were responsible for a spate of church burnings and murders. There is also a small neo-Nazi movement within black metal, although it has been shunned by many prominent artists.
Generally, black metal strives to remain underground, inaccessible to the mainstream.
black metal subgenres: ambient black metal, industrial black metal, post-black metal, symphonic black metal, war metal, technical black metal
fusion genres: black ‘n’ roll, black-doom, blackened death metal, blackgaze, pagan metal, Viking metal
mid 1980s > power metal
stylistic origins: NWOBHM / speed metal / neoclassical metal / heavy metal
cultural origins: mid-1980s, Germany, Scandinavia, United States
Power metal takes influence from heavy metal and speed metal, and often emphasizes clean, melodic, high-pitched vocals, and fast pacing that is mostly driven by double bass drumming and melodic lead guitar.
The rhythm guitar is defined by straight power chord progressions. Sometimes, harsh vocals are used, but usually only as backing vocals. Power metal lyrics usually involve fantasy themes. The songs often have a theatrical, epic, and emotionally “powerful” sound.
The term was first used in the middle of the 1980s and refers to two different but related styles: the first pioneered and largely practiced in North America with a harder sound similar to speed metal, and a later more widespread and popular style based in Europe (especially Germany, Finland, Italy and Scandinavia), Latin America (Argentina, Brazil) and Japan, with a lighter, more melodic sound and frequent use of keyboards.
Examples of power metal bands include DragonForce, Blind Guardian, Helloween, Sonata Arctica, Angra, Sabaton, Stratovarius, Kamelot, and HammerFall.
DragonForce – Fury Of The Storm (Live); Helloween – Future World; Sonata Arctica – Full Moon:
fusion genres: symphonic power metal