heavy metal subgenres - page 5

mid 1980s > progressive metal

progressive metal (prog metal or technical metal):
stylistic origins: heavy metal / progressive rock
cultural origins: mid-1980s, North America, United Kingdom, Australia

Progressive metal is a fusion between progressive rock and heavy metal.

It is one of heavy metal’s more complex genres, due to its use of unusual and dynamic time signatures, long compositions, complex compositional structures, and skilled instrumental playing, where instrumental solos are detailed and extended.

However, the latest age of progressive metal has favored rougher lyrics and lower-pitched riff sequences with high amounts of strumming. Vocals, if present, are melodic (though there are a few that utilize unclean vocals), and lyrics are often philosophical, spiritual, or political. Many bands of the genre were influenced by the progressive rock band Rush, who would often incorporate elements of heavy metal into their music.

Examples of the genre include Queensrÿche, Dream Theater, Opeth, Tool, Fates Warning, Mastodon, Gojira and Pain of Salvation.

Queensryche – Eyes Of A Stranger; Dream Theater – As I Am; Opeth – Era:

progressive metal subgenres: djent, space metal, progressive metalcore


mid 1980s > industrial metal

industrial metal::
stylistic origins: industrial rock / industrial dance / heavy metal / thrash metal / noise rock / hardcore punk / EBM
cultural origins: mid-1980s, US, Germany, UK

Industrial metal combines elements of industrial music and heavy metal. It is usually centered around repetitive metal guitar riffs, sampling, synthesizer or sequencer lines, and distorted vocals.

Prominent industrial metal groups include Rammstein, Ministry, Nine Inch Nails, KMFDM, Fear Factory, Marilyn Manson, Rob Zombie and Godflesh.

Rammstein – Ich Will; Fear Factory; Marilyn Manson – The Beautiful People:

derivative: Neue Deutsche härte, nu metal

fusion genres: industrial black metal, industrial death metal, industrial thrash metal


mid 1980s > crust punk

crust punk:
stylistic origins: anarcho-punk / extreme metal / hardcore punk / d-beat
cultural origins: mid 1980s, England

Crust punk, often simply called crust, is a form of music influenced by anarcho-punk, hardcore punk and extreme metal.

The style, which evolved in the mid-1980s in England, often has songs with dark and pessimistic lyrics that linger on political and social ills. The term “crust” was coined by Hellbastard on their 1986 Ripper Crust demo.

Crust is partly defined by its “bassy” and “dirty” sound. It is often played at a fast tempo with occasional slow sections. Vocals are usually guttural and maybe growled or screamed. Crust punk takes cues from the anarcho-punk of Crass and Discharge and the extreme metal of bands like Venom and Celtic Frost.

Notable crust punk bands include Amebix, Antisect, and Doom.

Amebix – Largactyl; Antisect – Acolyte; Doom – Antisocial:

derivative: grindcore, blackened crust


crust punk > mid 1980s > grindcore

stylistic origins: hardcore punk / thrash metal / crust punk / industrial / noise rock / death metal
cultural origins: mid 1980s, England

Grindcore is a fusion of crust punk, hardcore punk and thrash metal or death metal.

It is characterized by growling vocals, blast beats, and incredibly short songs with lyrics that are often focused on gore and violence, though sometimes the lyrics can be political.

Grindcore, in contrast to death metal, is often very chaotic and lacks the standard use of time signatures. The style was pioneered by the British band Napalm Death in the eighties. Other notable grindcore bands include Brutal Truth, Anal Cunt, and Pig Destroyer.

Brutal Truth – Ill Neglect; Anal Cunt- You Quit Doing Heroin, You Pussy; Pig Destroyer – The Diplomat:

grindcore subgenres: pornogrind

derivative: mathcore, powerviolence

fusion genres: deathgrind, electrogrind, goregrind


death metal > late 1980s > technical death metal

technical death metal (tech-death, progressive death metal or prog-death):
stylistic origins: death metal / progressive metal / avant-garde metal
cultural origins: late 1980s, United States, Canada

Technical death metal, often abbreviated to tech death, is characterized by fast, technically complex guitar and drum work, often including sweeping guitar solos. Vocals often adopt the guttural sound of death metal.
Some of the first tech death bands include Death, Pestilence, Atheist, Nocturnus, Cynic, Origin and Cephalic Carnage. The music is often dark in nature.1(“Heavy Metal Genres”)

Atheist-Piece Of Time; Nocturnus- Lake of Fire; Cephalic Carnage – Lucid Interval:


doom metal > late 1980’s > epic doom

Epic doom has a heavy classical influence. One of the main characteristics are the vocals; vocalists typically employ clean, operatic and choral singing. Lyrics and imagery are typically inspired by fantasy or mythology, while the drumming is performed in a bombastic fashion. However, distinguishing epic doom from traditional doom may be difficult. Examples of prominent epic doom bands include Candlemass, Solitude Aeturnus, Solstice, and Doomsword.

Candlemass – Epicus Doomicus Metallicus; Solitude Aeturnus – No more tears; DoomSword – Swords Of Doom:
DoomSword – Swords Of Doom:

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