heavy metal subgenres - page 7
black metal > atmospheric black metal
Atmospheric black metal or ambient black metal is a style of black metal which relies on the heavy incorporation of atmospheric, sometimes dreamy textures, and is, therefore, less aggressive. It often features synthesizers or classical instrumentation, typically for melody or ethereal “shimmering” over the wall of sound provided by the guitars. The music is usually slow to mid-paced with rare blast beat usage, without any abrupt changes and generally features slowly developing, sometimes repetitive melodies and riffs, which separate it from other black metal styles. Subject matter usually concerns nature, folklore, mythology, and personal introspection. Artists include Agalloch, Wolves in the Throne Room and Velvet Cacoon
Agalloch – Falling Snow; Summoning – The White Tower; Wolves in the throne room – Born From The Serpent’s Eye:
christian metal > early 1990s > unblack metal
unblack metal (christian black metal):
stylistic origins: black metal / christian metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, Scandinavia, Australia
Unblack metal (Christian black metal) is a genre of music that is stylistically black metal, but whose artists promote Christianity in their lyrics and imagery.
The exact beginning of the Christian black metal movement is disputed. The Australian band Horde’s 1994 album Hellig Usvart brought the concept and the term holy unblack metal (a word play on Darkthrone’s slogan “unholy black metal” used on the albums A Blaze in the Northern Sky and Under a Funeral Moon) to media attention.
The Norwegian band Antestor formed in 1990 as a death/doom act and released its demo The Defeat of Satan in 1991 before they began shifting towards black metal on their 1994 album Martyrium. Other examples of unblack metal bands include Crimson Moonlight, Admonish, and Frosthardr.
Horde- Invert The Inverted Cross; Antestor – The Defeat of Satan; Crimson Moonlight – The Suffering:
metalcore > early 1990s > mathcore
stylistic origins: metalcore / math rock / grindcore
cultural origins: early 1990s, US
Mathcore is a rhythmically complex and dissonant style of heavy metal and hardcore punk, though many groups draw mainly from metalcore. It has its roots in bands such as Converge, Botch, and The Dillinger Escape Plan. The term mathcore is suggested by analogy with math rock. Both math rock and mathcore make use of unusual time signatures. Prominent mathcore groups have been associated with grindcore.
Dillinger Escape Plan – Calculating Infinty; The Number Twelve Looks Like You – Grandfather; Converge – All We Love We Leave Behind:
alternative metal > early 1990s > nu metal
nu metal (nü-metal or aggro-metal):
stylistic origins: heavy metal / alternative metal / rap metal / funk metal / industrial metal / groove metal / grunge / hardcore punk / hip-hop / alternative rock
cultural origins: early to mid 1990s, California, U.S.
Nu metal is fusion genre that blends alternative metal and groove metal elements with other styles, including grunge, industrial, funk and hip-hop.
The Bakersfield-based Korn became the first band to be labeled as “nu metal”. MTV states that Korn “arrived in 1993 into the burgeoning alternative metal scene, which would morph into nü-metal the way college rock became alternative rock.” Deftones, Coal Chamber, Linkin Park, Slipknot, Papa Roach, Kittie, and Disturbed are prominent bands in this genre.
Slipknot – Surfacing; Papa Roach – Between Angels And Insects; Korn – Blind:
death metal > early 1990s > melodic death metal
melodic death metal (melodeath or MDM):
stylistic origins: death metal / NWOBHM / thrash metal / black metal / power metal
cultural origins: early to mid-1990s Scandinavia, Sweden, United Kingdom
Melodic death metal, (melodeath or MDM) is a heavy metal music style that combines elements from the new wave of British heavy metal (NWOBHM) with elements of death metal.
The style was developed during the early and mid-1990s, primarily in England and Scandinavia. The Swedish death metal scene, in particular, did much to popularize the style, which soon centered in the “Gothenburg metal” scene in Gothenburg, Sweden. Some prominent melodic death metal bands include Amon Amarth, At the Gates, Soilwork, Dark Tranquillity, Arch Enemy, In Flames, and Carcass.
Amon Amarth – First Kill; In flames – Only for the Weak; Dark Tranquillity – Atoma:
death metal > early 1990s > death ‘n’ roll
death ‘n’ roll:
stylistic origins: death metal / rock ‘n’ roll / hard rock / heavy metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, Scandinavia
“Death ‘n’ roll” is a term for death metal bands that incorporate rock and roll elements to their overall sound. The term is a blend of death metal and rock ‘n’ roll. The achieved effect is that of death metal’s trademark combination of growled vocals and highly distorted detuned guitar riffing with elements reminiscent of 1970s hard rock and heavy metal. Notable examples include Entombed, Six Feet Under, Gorefest, and Deuteronomium.
Entombed – Left Hand Path; Gorefest- Freedom; Six Feet Under – Ghosts Of The Undead:
death metal > blackened death metal
Blackened death metal is a subgenre of death metal that blends particular musical elements or character traits of black metal into a coherent genre that is neither fully death metal nor fully black metal.
Examples of blackened death metal bands are Belphegor, Behemoth, Akercocke, Sacramentum.
Belphegor – The Devil´s Son; Behemoth – At The Left Hand Ov God; Sacramentum – Fog’s Kiss: