heavy metal subgenres - page 8
brutal death metal > 1991 > slam death metal
Slam death metal is a style that has evolved from the 1990s New York death metal scene, incorporating elements of hardcore punk. In contrast to other death metal styles, it’s not generally focused on guitar solos and blast beats; instead, it employs mid-tempo rhythms, breakdowns, palm-muted riffage, as well as hip-hop-inspired vocal and drum beat rhythms. Notable acts include Devourment, Cephalotripsy, and Abominable Putridity.
Devourment – 1.3.8.; Cephalotripsy – Consummating Omophagia; Abominable Putridity – Remnants Of The Tortured:
early 1990s > swedish death metal
swedish death metal:
stylistic origins: death metal / thrash metal / D-beat / punk rock / black metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden
thrash metal > early 1990s > groove metal
groove metal (post-thrash, neo-thrash, power groove, groove):
stylistic origins: heavy metal / thrash metal / death metal / hard rock
cultural origins: early 1990s, United States, Brazil
Groove metal, (neo-thrash, post-thrash, or power groove), consists of slow or mid-tempo and down tuned thrash riffs, bluesy guitar solos, greatly emphasized drum work and harsh vocals.
Examples of groove metal include Pantera, Lamb of God, Machine Head, DevilDriver, Sepultura, and A.N.I.M.A.L…
Pantera – Walk; Machine Head – Davidian;Devildriver – Clouds Over California:
derivative: nu metal
doom metal > early 1990s> stoner metal
stoner metal (stoner rock, stoner doom or psychedelic doom)
stylistic origins: heavy metal / psychedelic rock / acid rock / doom metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, California
The genre emerged during the early-1990s and was pioneered foremost by the Californian bands Kyuss and Sleep.
Due to the similarities between stoner and sludge metal, there is often a crossover between the two genres. This hybrid has traits of both styles, but generally lacks stoner metal’s laid-back atmosphere and its usage of psychedelia.
Bands such as Weedeater, High on Fire and Electric Wizard creatively fuse both styles.
Камни(Kamni) – Bong of Satan; Bongzilla – Stonesphere; Elder – Dead Roots Stirring:
fusion genres: stoner sludge
doom metal >early 1990s >drone metal
drone metal (drone doom or power ambient):
stylistic origins: drone / doom metal / avant-garde metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, Seattle, Washington
Drone metal music blends elements from a variety of musical influences, including rock/metal artists such as Black Sabbath, Sleep, and Swans, the feedback-heavy guitar tones of Neil Young and Thurston Moore, and minimalist composers such as Phill Niblock, Charlemagne Palestine, La Monte Young and Tony Conrad and the multiple guitar compositions of Rhys Chatham and Glenn Branca.
The band Earth from Seattle is widely regarded as the first band to play this type of metal in 1990 by expanding on the sludge metal sound of the Melvins. Seattle acts like Soundgarden and Alice In Chains also experimented with the drone metal sound on some of their tracks. Other prominent groups include Boris, Corrupted, and Ascend.
drone metal albums:
Crippled Lucifer album by Burning Witch; Earth 2: Special Low Frequency Version is the first full-length studio album by band Earth.
Burning Witch – Crippled Lucifer: Towers… (Full Album), Earth – Earth 2: Special Low Frequency version:
doom metal > black-doom
black-doom (blackened doom):
Blackened doom metal is an infusion. Typically it adds the themes/ideology or sound elements common to black metal, such as shrieked of snarled vocals, to the common slower tempo thick mournful sound of doom metal.
The first pioneering bands to introduce an early version of this style can be credited to Goatlord and Barathrum with their 1991 releases, “Reflections of the Solstice” (LP), and “From Black Flames to Witchcraft” (Demo) respectively.
finnish doom metal
In one of the greatest doom metal outputs, Finnish groups focus more on the depressive mood of the genre, evoking an intense grieving feeling. The bands play with very slow tempos and melodic tones, creating an atmosphere of darkness and melancholia. This scene was kick-started by the band Rigor Mortis (which, due to an older US band with the same name, changed their name to Spiritus Mortis), which originated in 1987. Notable bands include Reverend Bizarre, Minotauri, Dolorian, Shape of Despair, Thergothon, Skepticism and Unholy.
Minotauri – Doom metal alchemy; Ever Circling Wolves – A Desperate Frolic; Sarajah – A Year with Us:
early 1990s > folk metal
stylistic origins: heavy metal / folk / world / folk rock
cultural origins: early to mid-1990s, Europe
Folk metal is a subgenre of heavy metal that developed in Europe during the 1990s. As the name suggests, the genre is a fusion of heavy metal with traditional folk music. This includes the widespread use of folk instruments and, to a lesser extent, traditional singing styles (for example, Dutch Heidevolk, Danish Sylvatica and Spanish Stone of Erech).
The earliest example of folk metal was the English band Golgotha, whose 1984 EP Dangerous Games contained a mixture of a new wave of British heavy metal and folk styles. The genre was not further developed, however, until the emergence of another English band, Skyclad. Their debut album The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth was released in 1990.
It was not until 1994 and 1995 that other early contributors in the genre began to emerge from different regions of Europe as well as in Israel. Among these early groups, the Irish band Cruachan and the German band Subway to Sally each spearheaded a different regional variation that over time became known as Celtic metal and medieval metal respectively.
Despite their contributions, folk metal remained little known with few representatives during the 1990s. It was not until the early 2000s when the genre exploded into prominence, particularly in Finland with the efforts of such groups as Finntroll, Ensiferum, Korpiklaani, Turisas, and Moonsorrow.
Golgotha (UK) – The Great Divide (EP Dangerous Games); Subway to Sally – Wenn Engel hassen; Korpiklaani – Kotikonnut:
derivative: Viking metal, pagan metal
folk metal subgenres: Celtic metal, medieval metal, pirate metal