- 1. Intro
- 2. mid 1980s > crust punk - late 1980s > goregrind
- 3. late 1980s > goregrind - early 1990s > beatdown hardcore
- 4. early 1990s > beatdown hardcore - late 20th > christian hardcore
mid 1980s > crust punk - late 1980s > goregrind
mid 1980s > crust punk
crust punk (crustcore,crust):
stylistic origins: anarcho-punk / extreme metal / hardcore punk / d-beat
cultural origins: mid-1980s, England
Crust punk is a form of music influenced by hardcore punk and extreme metal.
The style, which evolved in the mid-1980s in England, often has songs with dark and pessimistic lyrics that linger on political and social ills.
Crust was founded by the bands Amebix and Antisect, in 1985, with the Arise LP and Out from the Void single, respectively. The term “crust” was coined by Hellbastard on their 1986 Ripper Crust demo.
Amebix – Arise! album; Antisect – Out From The Void; Hellbastard – Massacre (album Ripper Crust):
- The Moor 0:00
- Axeman 3:08
- Fear of God 6:42
- Largactyl 9:55
- Drink and Be Merry 13:43
- Spoils of Victory 19:50
- Arise! 24:07
- Slave C.T.G. 29:30
- The Darkest Hour 33:25
derivative forms: grindcore
mid 1980s > youth crew
stylistic origins: straight edge / hardcore punk / melodic hardcore / crossover thrash / metalcore
cultural origins: mid 1980s, North America
Youth crew is a music subculture of hardcore punk attributed to bands who were primarily active during the early to mid 1980s particularly during the New York hardcore scene of the late eighties. Youth crew is distinguished from other hardcore and punk scenes by its optimism and moralist outlook. The original youth crew bands and fans were predominantly straight edge and vegetarian advocates.
Early musical influences included Minor Threat, Bad Brains, Negative Approach, 7 Seconds, and Black Flag. While some youth crew music is similar to melodic hardcore, other styles can be very thrash metal influenced and also includes breakdowns intended for the hardcore dancing style associated with live performances.
In the 1990s, bands inspired by this scene became increasingly influenced by thrash and death metal. These bands, including Earth Crisis, Snapcase, One Life Crew, Integrity, Strife, Hatebreed and Blood for Blood were partly responsible for the contemporary metalcore scene.
Blood for Blood – Wasted Youth Crew; Chain of Strength – True till Death; Have Heart – To Us Fools:
derivative forms: bandana thrash, positive hardcore
1980s > skate punk
skate punk (skate rock, skatecore or skate-thrash):
stylistic origins: punk rock / hardcore punk / surf music / melodic hardcore / skateboarding / nardcore
cultural origins: 1980s, United States
All music: Skatepunk was originally a derivative of hardcore punk, so named because of its popularity among skateboarders. It can be difficult for outsiders to pin down exactly what makes a particular band skatepunk, but there are a few strong tendencies. Skatepunk tends to be especially high-energy, even for the genre it comes from; that usually means even faster tempos and thrashier guitars. Skatepunk also tends to have a sense of humor, mostly of the smartass variety — because, after all, it’s used as a soundtrack for fun. The exact sound of skatepunk has shifted over the years with punk itself, from hardcore in the ’80s to revivalist punk-pop in the ’90s.
Some skate punk bands play other genres of music; pop punk, funk metal, and hardcore punk are genres that are noted for being played by some skate punk bands. Some skate punk bands, including NOFX and The Suicide Machines, also play ska punk. Some skate punk bands, including Cryptic Slaughter, Suicidal Tendencies and Excel, also play thrash metal and crossover thrash.
Rolling Stone described skate punk as “a sort of pop hardcore”.
skate punk bands:
The Offspring – All I Want; NOFX- separation of church and skate; The Faction – Lets Go Get Cokes:
1980s > horror hardcore
stylistic origins: horror punk / hardcore punk
Horror hardcore, mix of horror punk and hardcore punk. The Misfits’ 1983 album inaugurated this style and the bands Septic Death, The Banner, and Integrity have also been categorized into this subgenre.
The Banner – Venom & Hope; Integrity – Through the Shadows of Forever:
- Earth A.D. 00:00
- Queen Wasp 02:09
- Devilock 03:40
- Death Comes Ripping 05:08
- Green Hell 07:02
- Mommy, Can I Go Out & Kill Tonight 08:55
- Wolf's Blood 10:55
- Demonomania 12:11
- Bloodfeast 12:56
- Hellhound 15:25
- Die, Die My Darling 16:41
- We Bite 19:53
1980s > positive hardcore
positive hardcore (posicore, posi-core):
The genre was created as a backlash to the violence and negativity in the straight edge scene.
It has been applied to a divergent group of musical styles and bands including 7 Seconds, Youth of Today, Good Clean Fun and The Wonder Years. Early positive hardcore bands in the 1980s and 1990s sang about social issues such as the treatment of the LGBT community by the hardcore punk scene as well as non-violence and scene unity. These were topics that the hardliners rejected. In the late 2000s through the 2010s there has been a renaissance in the genre. Instead of being a backlash against hardline, the renaissance comes from a backlash against the (2010s) dominant metalcore bands in the scene.
7 Seconds – I Have Faith In You; Good clean fun – Today was a positive day; H2O – Nothing to Prove:
mid 1980s > grindcore
stylistic origins: hardcore punk / thrash metal / crust punk / death metal / thrashcore / industrial / noise rock
cultural origins: mid-1980s, England
Grindcore is characterized by a noise-filled sound that uses heavily distorted, down-tuned guitars, grinding overdriven bass, high speed tempo, blast beats, and vocals which consist of growls and high-pitched shrieks. Lyrical themes range from a primary focus on social and political concerns, to gory subject matter and black humor.
Napalm Death are credited with laying the groundwork for the style.
A characteristic of some grindcore songs is the “microsong,” lasting only a few seconds.Napalm Death holds the Guinness World Record for shortest song ever recorded with the one-second “You Suffer” (1987).
Napalm Death – You Suffer; Pig Destroyer – Burning Palm; Nasum – Wrath:
subgenres: goregrind, pornogrind
derivative forms: mathcore, powerviolence
fusion genres: deathgrind, electrogrind
mid 1980s > post-hardcore
stylistic origins: hardcore punk / post-punk / noise rock
cultural origins: mid to late 1980s, United States
Post-hardcore is a punk rock music genre that maintains the aggression and intensity of hardcore punk but emphasizes a greater degree of creative expression initially inspired by post-punk and noise rock.
essential post-hardcore albums:
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Silence is the debut album of American post-hardcore band Glassjaw; Rites of Spring is the first and only studio album by American post-hardcore band Rites of Spring; Plays Pretty for Baby is the second album by post-hardcore band Nation of Ulysses:
- Pretty Lush 2:59
- Siberian Kiss 3:50
- When One Eight Becomes Two Zeros 4:33
- Ry Ry's Song 3:32
- Lovebites and Razorlines 4:10
- Hurting and Shoving (She Should Have Let Me Sleep) 3:28
- Majour 4:00
- Her Middle Name Was Boom 4:16
- Piano 4:59
- Babe 1:43
- Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Silence 5:36
- Motel of the White Locust 8:41
- Losten (hidden track)
- 00:00 - Spring.
- 02:08 - Deeper Than Inside.
- 04:26 - For Want Of.
- 07:35 - Hain's Point.
- 09:44 - All There Is.
- 12:37 - Drink Deep.
- 17:32 - Theme.
- 19:52 - By Design.
- 22:30 - Remainder.
- 25:01 - Persistent Vision.
- 27:23 - Nudes.
- 30:10 - End on End.
- N-sub Ulysses
- A Comment On Ritual
- The Hickey Underworld
- Perpetual Motion Machine
- N.O.U. Future-Vision Hypothesis
- 50,000 Watts Of Goodwill
- Maniac Dragstrip
- Last Train To Cool
- Mockingbird, Yeah!
- Depression III
- S.S. Exploder
- The Kingdom of Heaven Must Be Taken by Storm
- The Sound Of Jazz To Come
- Presidents Of Vice
post-hardcore subgenres: emo
derivative forms: blackgaze, math rock
fusion genres: electronicore, nintendocore
post-hardcore > mid 1980s > emo
stylistic origins: post-hardcore / hardcore punk
subsequent: indie rock / pop punk
cultural origins: mid-1980s, Washington, D.C., United States
While emo originated in hardcore punk and has been considered a subgenre of post-hardcore, it has also been associated with indie rock and pop punk. The fusion of emo with pop punk is also known as emo pop. Lyrics, which are a key focus in the genre, are typically emotional and often personal, dealing with topics such as failed romance.
The New York Times described as emo as “emotional punk or post-hardcore or pop-punk. That is, punk that wears its heart on its sleeve and tries a little tenderness to leaven its sonic attack. If it helps, imagine Ricky Nelson singing in the Sex Pistols.”Author Matt Diehl described emo as a “more sensitive interpolation of punk’s mission”.
My Chemical Romance — I’m Not Okay (I Promise); Thursday – Understanding In a Car Crash; Hawthorne Heights – Ohio Is for Lovers:
subgenres: screamo, emo pop
mid 1980s > queercore
stylistic origins: punk rock / hardcore punk / indie rock / experimental
cultural origins: mid 1980s, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Portland, Oregon, United States;San Francisco, California, United States; and London, England, United Kingdom
ideological: queer theory, punk, third-wave feminism, straight edge
Queercore (homocore) is a cultural and social movement that began as an offshoot of punk. It is distinguished by its discontent with society in general, and specifically society’s disapproval of the gay, bisexual, lesbian and transgender communities. Queercore expresses itself in a DIY style through zines, music, writing, art and film.
Queercore groups encompass many genres such as hardcore punk, electropunk, indie rock, power pop, No Wave, noise, experimental, industrial and others.
limp wrist – Fake Fags Fuck Off and Does Your Daddy Know; big boys – frat cars; Gay For Johnny Depp – Belief In God Is So Adorable:
mid 1980 > hatecore
stylistic origins: death metal / hardcore punk / neo-Nazism / White Supremacy movement
cultural origins: mid 1980, New York City
The term hatecore historically refers to the music style of specific hardcore bands in New York City in the mid 1980s and early 1990s.
The term was coined by the New York City-based band SFA in the mid 1980s. Other notable bands of the original hatecore scene include Sheer Terror, Integrity, Lavatory and Ryker’s.
Initially, it signified classic hatecore bands with particularly agressive and hateful lyrics. At the end of a relatively short period in the early 1990s sank Hatecore as an independent genre name first in nonsense and fell gradually mainly from service.
The current use of this term sigifies bands that support, or are part of neo-Nazism and/or the White Supremacy movement.
Hatecore bands echo the sounds of death metal and hardcore punk, with amplified, atonal guitar riffs, blast-beat drumming and screeching vocals.
H8Machine – Burn; Damaged – Change:
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