This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.

history punk rock subgenres with accompanying videos…

rock > 1960s > proto-punk

proto-punk (or protopunk):
stylistic origins: garage rock / pub rock / rhythm and blues
cultural origins: 1960s, United States, United Kingdom
Proto-punk classifies a group of bands and performers from 1960s and early 1970s who laid the foundation for and inspired punk rock’s development. This, not a distinct musical genre as it includes a wide range of musical backgrounds and styles, including much garage rock.

Bands or albums listed before 1974 are of diverse genres and are retrospectively called “proto-punk”



rock > early 1970s > punk rock

punk rock:
stylistic origins: rock and roll / rockabilly / hard rock / surf rock / garage rock / glam rock / pub rock / proto-punk /
cultural origins: early to mid-1970s, United States, United Kingdom, and Australia

1974 saw The Ramones hit NYC:
Set list:
Now I Wanna Sniff Some GlueI Don’t Wanna Go Down to the BasementJudy Is a Punk

They are cited as the first band to define the punk-rock sound.


Scott Isler of Trouser Press describes:

With just four chords and one manic tempo, New York’s Ramones blasted open the clogged arteries of mid-’70s rock, reanimating the music. Their genius was to recapture the short/simple aesthetic from which pop had strayed, adding a caustic sense of trash-culture humor and minimalist rhythm guitar sound.

The Ramones’ art and visual imagery complemented the themes of their music and performance. The band members adopted a uniform look of long hair, leather jackets, T-shirts, torn jeans, and sneakers. This fashion emphasized minimalism, which was a powerful influence on the New York punk scene of the 1970s and reflected the band’s short, simple songs.

Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as proto-punk music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands typically use short or fast-paced songs, with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produced recordings and distributed them through informal channels.

A number of overlapping punk rock subgenres have developed since the emergence of punk rock (often shortened to punk) in the mid-1970s. Even though punk genres at times are difficult to segregate, they usually show differing characteristics in overall structures, instrumental and vocal styles, and tempo. However, sometimes a particular trait is common in several genres, and thus punk genres are normally grouped by a combination of traits.


punk rock subgenres:


early 1970s > glam punk

glam punk (glitter punk, mock rock):

Glam punk fuses elements of punk rock and glam rock, commonly reflected in the image. Iggy Pop is a good example of this genre, as were the New York Dolls. Mötley Crüe’s first album, Too Fast for Love, had many elements of glam punk in it. Glam punk has been seen as a backlash to the hippie folk music sensibilities of the 1960s.

The term has been used to describe later bands who combined glam aesthetics with punk music, including The DTEASE and early Manic Street Preachers. Glam punk was a major influence on bands of the New York post-punk revival that included D Generation, Toilet Böys, and The Strokes.

glam punk bands:

New York Dolls – Personality CrisisPeppermint Creeps – HeartbleedHanoi Rocks – Motorvatin:


mid 1970s > pop punk

pop punk (punk pop):
stylistic origins: punk rock / pop / pop rock / power pop / new wave / surf rock / bubblegum pop
cultural origins: mid-1970s, New York City, U.S., England, Northern Ireland

Pop punk is a fusion genre that combines elements of punk rock with pop music, to varying degrees. It is not clear when the term pop punk was first used, but pop-influenced punk rock had been around since the mid- to late-1970s.

Lyrical topics that are common in pop-punk include love, lust, drunkenness, adolescence, cartoonish violence and drugs.

Some pop punk music features elements of alternative rock , power pop , emo or skate punk.

Examples of commercially successful pop punk bands include Green Day, the Offspring, Blink-182, Sum 41 and Simple Plan.

Green Day – American Idiot; Sum 41 – In Too Deepblink-182 – All The Small Things:


derivative forms: emo

fusion genres: easycore, emo pop, neon pop


mid 1970s > punk jazz

punk jazz:
stylistic origins: post-punk / avant-garde jazz / free jazz / jazz fusion / no wave / hardcore punk
cultural origins: mid-1970s, United States

Punk jazz describes the amalgamation of elements of the jazz tradition (usually free jazz and jazz fusion of the 1960s and 1970s) with the instrumentation or conceptual heritage of punk rock and hardcore punk. John Zorn, James Chance, and the Contortions, Lounge Lizards, Universal Congress Of, Laughing Clowns and Zymosis are notable examples of punk jazz artists.

punk jazz bands:

Nomeansno – It’s Catching Up; James Chance – Contort YourselfThe Ex – State of Shock:


punk jazz subgenre: jazzcore


mid 1970s > electropunk

electropunk (synthpunk, electropunk, electro-punk):
stylistic origins: punk rock / electronic / synthpop
cultural origins: mid-late 1970s, United States

not to be confused with electroclash

Electropunk appropriates the harsh elements of Punk Rock but replaces the predominance of guitars with synthesizers and drum machines. The genre can be traced back to bands such as Suicide and The Screamers and borrows elements from Krautrock, No Wave, and the experimental tradition. Synth punk differs from music that may be termed Dance-Punk in that it is often dissonant and lo-fi, rather than the more upbeat, dance-floor ready feel of dance-punk.

electropunk bands:

Frittenbude – Mindestens in 1000 JahrenMindless Self Indulgence – Never Wanted To Dance; Egotronic – Exportschlager Leitkultur:



late 1970s > anarcho-punk

anarcho-punk (anarchist punk):
stylistic origins: punk rock
cultural origins: late 1970s, United Kingdom

Anarcho-punk is a punk rock that promotes anarchism. The term “anarcho-punk” is sometimes applied exclusively to bands that were part of the original anarcho-punk movement in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Some use the term more broadly to refer to any punk or rock music with anarchist lyrical content, including crust punk, d-beat, folk punk, hardcore punk, garage punk or ska punk.

Examples of anarcho-punk bands include Crass, Conflict, and Icons of Filth.

anarcho-punk bands:

Crass – Big A Little A; Icons of Filth- Onward Christian SoildersFlux of Pink Indians – Tube Disasters:


fusion genres: crust punk, digital hardcore, folk punk, grindcore, street punk


late 1970s > art punk 

art punk:
stylistic origins: post-punk
cultural origins: late 1970s, United States

Art punk is a category of punk bands who are more sophisticated than their peers and go beyond the genre’s garage rock foundations. These groups generated punk’s aesthetic of being simple, offensive, and free-spirited, in contrast to the angry, working-class audience generated by pub rock. In the late 1970s, the term was used as a pejorative for post-punk bands who were out of step with the genre’s ideologies.

art punk bands:

Television – Venus; Talking Heads – Psycho KillerYeah Yeah Yeahs – Maps:



late 1970s > dance-punk

dance-punk (disco-punk or punk funk):
stylistic origins: EDM / post-punk / new wave / funk rock / disco / krautrock / punk rock
cultural origins: late 1970s, Los Angeles San Francisco New York City (United States) London (England)

Dance-punk (also known as disco punk, funk punk or indie-dance) mixes punk rock with disco, funk and electro music. Emerging in the late 1970s, it is influenced by the post-punk and No Wave movements and, more recently, the post-punk revival and art punk movements.

dance-punk bands:

The Rapture – House of Jealous Lovers; Death From Above 1979 – Blood On Our HandsRadio 4 – Transmission:

see more about:

all hardcore subgenres      christian punk

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.

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