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late 1970s > neue deutsche welle

neue deutsche welle

stylistic origins: new wave, post-punk, synthpop, schlager, krautrock
cultural origins: late 1970s, Germany

Neue Deutsche Welle (NDW, “New German Wave”) is a genre of West German rock music originally derived from post-punk and new wave music with electronic influences. The term “Neue Deutsche Welle” was first coined by a Dutch radio DJ Frits Spits on popular nationwide radiostation Hilversum 3, which was very popular among German listeners. Soon after that it got used in a record shop advertisement by Burkhardt Seiler in the West German magazine Sounds in August 1979, and then coined by journalist Alfred Hilsberg whose article about the movement titled “Neue Deutsche Welle — Aus grauer Städte Mauern” (“New German Wave — From Grey Cities’ Walls”) was published in Sounds in October 1979.

Kraftwerk – Roboter 1978; Joachim Witt – Goldener Reiter; Grauzone – Eisbär (1981):


roots rock > late 1970s > heartland rock

heartland rock:

stylistic origins: rock and roll / rhythm and blues / garage rock / folk rock / country rock
cultural origins: late 1970s, United States

Heartland rock is a genre of rock music that is exemplified by singer-songwriters Tom Petty, Bob Seger, Bruce Springsteen and John Mellencamp. It is characterized by a straightforward, often roots musical style, a concern with the average, blue-collar American life, and a conviction that rock music has a social or communal purpose beyond just entertainment.

Heartland rock is also associated with a number of country music artists including Steve Earle and Joe Ely, along with less widely known acts such as the Iron City Houserockers. The genre developed in the 1970s and reached its commercial peak in the 1980s when it became one of the best-selling genres in the United States. In the 1990s, many established acts faded and the genre began to fragment, but the major figures have continued to record with commercial success.

Tom Petty – Learning To Fly; Bob Seger- Turn the Page; Bruce Springsteen – Streets of Philadelphia:


progressive rock > late 1970s > RIO 

RIO (Rock In Opposition):

This style, originally very politicized is one originated by ex-Henry Cow drummer Chris Cutler.

Rock in Opposition or RIO was a movement representing a collective of progressive bands in the late 1970s united in their opposition to the music industry that refused to recognize their music. It was initiated by English avant-rock group Henry Cow in March 1978 when they invited four mainland European groups to come to London and perform in a festival called “Rock in Opposition”.

Henry Cow (England)
Stormy Six (Italy)
Samla Mammas Manna (Sweden)
Univers Zero (Belgium)
Etron Fou Leloublan (France)

Genre is used for bands that appeared at the RIO festivals, or bands related to or derived from the original RIO bands, and artists who showed a distinct musical influence from one or more of the original RIO bands and their spin-offs.


late 1970s > industrial rock

Industrial rock:

stylistic origins: Industrial / rock / post-punk
cultural origins: late 1970s, United Kingdom and United States

Industrial rock is a musical genre that fuses industrial music and specific rock subgenres. Industrial rock spawned and is often confused with industrial metal. The early fusions of industrial music and rock were practiced by a handful of post-punk groups, including Chrome, Killing Joke, Swans, Foetus, and Big Black. Artists such as Nine Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson propelled the genre to mainstream status.

Industrial rock is a musical genre that fuses industrial music and specific rock subgenres. Industrial rock spawned and is often confused with industrial metal. The early fusions of industrial music and rock were practiced by a handful of post-punk groups, including Chrome, Killing Joke, Swans, Foetus, and Big Black. Artists such as Nine Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson propelled the genre to mainstream status.

Industrial rock bands:
Closer – Nine Inch Nails; Filter — (Hey Man, Nice Shot); Sister Machine Gun – Burn


late 1970s > reggae rock

reggae rock:

stylistic origins: reggae / reggae fusion / ska / rocksteady / rock
cultural origins: late 1970s, Jamaica, North America and Europe

Reggae rock is a subgenre of reggae fusion and rock music that primarily uses the genres reggae, rock, and ska.

The term “reggae rock” has been used to categorize bands like The Police, Sublime, Sublime with Rome, Pepper, Slightly Stoopid, The Expendables, Iration, the Dirty Heads, Rebelution, 311 and, to some extent, heavier bands such as Fishbone and Bad Brains.

Reggae rock found its rise in popularity in the 1990s in Long Beach, California, with the band Sublime. The genre has lately found a boost in popularity with the 2010 song “Lay Me Down” by the Dirty Heads featuring Rome Ramirez from Sublime with Rome, which peaked at number 1 on both the US Billboard Alternative Songs and Rock Songs charts

Paul Simon – Mother and Child Reunion; The Police – Walking On The Moon; pretenders – private life:


late 1970s > alternative rock

alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative):

stylistic origins: punk rock / post-punk / new wave / hardcore punk
cultural origins: late 1970s to early 1980s, United Kingdom and United States


alternative rock subgenres:

britpop, christian alternative rock, college rock, dream pop, geek rock, gothic rock, grunge, indie rock, indie pop, jangle pop, math rock, post-rock, neo-psychedelia, noise pop, nu gaze, paisley underground, post-britpop, post-grunge, post-punk revival, riot grrrl, shoegaze

> subgenres alternative rock see here 

fusion genres: alternative dance, alternative metal, alternative R&B, grebo, nu metal


progressive rock > early 1980s > neo-progressive rock

neo-progressive rock (neo-progressive, neo-prog):

stylistic origins: progressive rock / hard rock / punk rock / funk
cultural origins: early 1980s, England

Neo-progressive rock (or simply “neo-prog”) is characterized by deeply emotional content, often delivered via dramatic lyrics and a generous use of imagery and theatricality on-stage. The music is mostly the product of careful composition, relying less heavily on improvised jamming. The subgenre relies very much on clean, melodic & emotional electric guitar solos, combined with keyboards. The main musical influences on the neo-prog genre are bands from the first wave of progressive rock such as early Genesis, Camel, and to a lesser extent Van der Graaf Generator and Pink Floyd. Funk music, punk rock, and hard rock were also influences on the genre.

Apocalypse – Demon’s Eyes; Bjorn Lynne – Nitro Glycerine; Dream Theater – Breaking all illusions:


mid 1980s > rap rock

rap rock:

stylistic origins: pop rap / pop rock
cultural origins: mid 1980s, United States

Rap rock is a fusion genre that fuses vocal and instrumental elements of hip-hop with various forms of rock. Rap rock’s most popular subgenres include rap metal and rapcore, which include heavy metal- and hardcore punk-oriented influences, respectively.

One of the earliest examples of rapping in rock music is “Year of the Guru” by Eric Burdon and the Animals, a psychedelic rock song in which Eric Burdon, according to AllMusic, “took the role of a modern rapper”. Another example is I Wanna Be Your Dog, a 1969 song by Garage Rock/Protopunk band The Stooges. In 1983, KISS released the song “All Hell’s Breakin’ Loose” on the album Lick It Up with singer Paul Stanley rapping the verses.

Eric Burdon & The Animals – The Year of the Guru; The Stooges – I Wanna Be Your Dog; KISS – All Hell’s Breakin’ Loose:

1984 may be viewed as something of a breakthrough year for the genre. Run–D.M.C.’s debut album featured the song Rock Box, which included a rock guitar riff played by Eddie Martinez. Also in 1984, the Beastie Boys released their single Rock Hard. The song featured an unauthorized sample of AC/DC’s Back in Black. LL Cool J delivered “Rock the Bells”, where he had fused conventional rap lyrics over a hard rock arrangement. Red Hot Chili Peppers vocalist Anthony Kiedis employed rapping on the band’s 1984 self-titled debut album as well as subsequent releases. In a 2002 interview with Penthouse, Kiedis stated “We were early in creating the combination of hardcore funk with hip-hop-style vocals. We became, maybe, an inspiration to Limp Bizkit, Kid Rock, Linkin Park – all these other bands that are doing that now.”

RUN-DMC – Rock Box; Rock Hard – Beastie Boys; LL Cool J-Rock The Bells:


rap rock subgenres: rap metal, rapcore


pinoy rock > 1980s > bisrock

stylistic origins: pinoy rock / visayan music
cultural origins: 1980s, Cebu, Philippines

BisRock is a subgenre of Pinoy rock, propagated by the Cebu rock music industry in the Philippines. The term, which is in the blended form, comes from the Cebuano words Bisaya, referring to the Visayan language, and “rock”, for rock music. The term was coined by Cebuano writer Januar E. Yap in 2002 and was first applied to Missing Filemon’s first album.


early 1990’s > manguebeat

mangue bit or manguebeat:

stylistic origins: alternative rock / art rock / maracatu / frevo / coco / forró / funk / hip-hop / electronic / hardcore punk / heavy metal
cultural origins: early 1990s, Pernambuco, Brazil

The mangue bit or manguebeat movement is a cultural movement created circa 1991 in the city of Recife in Northeast Brazil in reaction to the cultural and economical stagnation of the city. The movement largely focuses on music, mixing regional rhythms of Brazilian Northeast, such as maracatu, frevo, coco and forró, with rock, hip-hop, funk and electronic music.

Mangue bit can be divided into two distinct waves: the first in the early 1990s led by the music groups Chico Science & Nação Zumbi (Zumbi’s Nation) and Mundo Livre S/A (Free World Inc.), and the second in the early 2000s led by Re:Combo (a copyleft movement that uploads half-sampled music for download) and Cordel do Fogo Encantado (a music group that started as a roving theatre troupe with roots in a form of literature known as Literatura de cordel (“twine literature”).

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