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early 1990s > desert rock

desert rock:

stylistic origins: hard rock / stoner rock / heavy metal / alternative rock / hardcore punk / grunge / psychedelic rock / blues rock
cultural origins: early 1990s, Palm Desert, California, United States

The Palm Desert Scene is a group of related bands and musicians from Palm Desert, California. Their hard rock sound – which is often described as desert rock – contains elements of psychedelia, blues, alternative rock, grunge, heavy metal, hardcore punk, and other genres, often featuring distinctive repetitive drum beats, a propensity for free-form jamming, and “trance-like” or “sludgy” grooves; these are typically performed with electric guitars, bass guitars, and a drum kit.

The term “stoner rock” is sometimes used interchangeably with the term “desert rock”. However, not all Palm Desert scene bands are “stoner rock”.

KYUSS – Green Machine; Queens Of The Stone Age – Go With The Flow; SLO BURN – Pilot The Dune:

early 1990s > sufi rock

sufi rock:

stylistic origins: rock / sufi music / (Hindustani classical music)
cultural origins: early 1990s, Pakistan and India

Sufi rock/ Sufi folk rock is a subgenre of rock music that combines rock with classical Islamic sufi music traditions. It emerged in the early 1990s and became widely popular in the late 1990s in India, Pakistan and Turkey. The term “sufi rock” was coined in 1993 by writer Nadeem F. Paracha to define the Pakistani band Junoon, who pioneered the process of fusing conventional rock music with folk sufi music and imagery.

It is mostly based on the poetry of famous sufi poets such as Rumi, Hafez, Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and even Kabir and is mostly sung in languages such as Urdu, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi, Persian and Turkish.

A few artists such as Abida Parveen, Junoon, Kailash Kher, Fuzön and Mekaal Hasan Band have achieved commercial success as well as mainstream critical recognition while some veteran sufi folk singers such as Arif Lohar and Saeen Zahoor have also dabbled in this genre.

Junoon – Zamanay Kay Andaz / Saqi Nama; Kailash Kher – Teri Deewani; Fuzon – Akhiyan:

1990s > viking rock

viking rock:

stylistic origins: rockabilly / Oi! / street punk / folk music
cultural origins: 1990s, Sweden

Not to be confused with Viking metal.

Viking rock (Vikingarock in Swedish) is a rock music genre that takes much of its themes from 19th-century Viking romanticism, mixing it with elements of rockabilly, Oi! or street punk, and folk music. Frequent themes occurring in Viking rock include Vikings and Norse mythology, as well as Sweden’s King Karl XII and the Caroleans.

Viking rock is often linked to white supremacy. Many make no distinction between Viking rock and white power music, and there is debate whether Viking rock is essentially racist.


early 2000s > wizard rock

wizard rock (wrock):

stylistic origins: Harry Potter series / geek rock
cultural origins: early 2000s, United States

Wizard rock (sometimes shortened as Wrock) is a genre of rock music that developed between 2002 and 2004 in the United States. Wizard rock bands are characterized by their performances and humorous songs about the Harry Potter universe. Wizard rock initially started in Massachusetts with Harry and the Potters, though it has grown internationally.
Leading bands in this genre include Harry and the Potters and Draco and the Malfoys.

Harry and the Potters-Save Ginny Weasley; Draco and the Malfoys:

2012 > psychedelic rock > italian occult psychedelia (IOP)

stylistic origins: psychedelic rock / krautrock / post-rock / Italian progressive rock / library music
cultural origins: 2012, Italia

Characterized by obscure atmospheres. Italian occult psychedelia was coined by journalist Antonio Ciarletta in an article published by Italian music magazine Blow Up, in January 2012. A festival called Thalassa – Italian occult psychedelia festival happens in Rome since 2013 to celebrate Italian occult psychedelia bands.

Squadra Omega – Avviso Agli Imprudenti; La Piramide di Sangue – Complotti a Tebe; In Zaire – Sun:

20th century > worldbeat


stylistic origins: rock / pop / world music
cultural origins: 20th century

Worldbeat is a music genre that blends Western pop music or rock music with world music or traditional music. Is not clearly defined as are the many classic world music subgenres as Irish folk, gamelan, or calypso. Some of the worldbeat’s most successfully integrated folk elements include Celtic, Afrobeat, mbaqanga, qawwali, highlife, rai, raga, samba, flamenco, and tango.

The Western audience for world music really started to take shape in the mid-’80s, when rock artists like Peter Gabriel, Paul Simon, Mickey Hart, and David Byrne began to incorporate ethnic sounds into their recordings, and enthusiastically pursued high-profile collaborations with world-music artists.

the majority of the worldbeat artists who achieved a measure of popularity in the West came from Africa, a continent whose music — to make a broad generalization — had already exerted a tremendous influence on Western popular music throughout the 20th century. Thus, the sounds of artists like Mory Kante, Salif Keita, and Youssou N’Dour were familiar enough to be appealing, yet different enough to be striking and intriguing.

Youssou N’Dour – 7 Seconds ft. Neneh Cherry; Peter Gabriel – Biko; Paul Simon – You Can Call Me Al:

folk rock >2000s > folktronica


stylistic origins: folk electronica
cultural origins: 2000s

Folktronica is a genre of music comprising various elements of folk music and electronica, often featuring samplings of acoustic instruments – especially stringed instruments – and incorporating hip-hop or dance rhythms, although it varies based on influences and choice of sounds.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Popular Musicology describes folktronica as “a catch-all for all manner of artists who have combined mechanical dance beats with elements of acoustic rock or folk”.

According to The Sunday Times Culture’s Encyclopedia of Modern Music, essential albums of the genre are Four Tet’s Pause (2001), Tunng’s Mother’s Daughter and Other Songs (2005), and Caribou’s The Milk of Human Kindness (2005).

Four Tet – Everything is Alright ( album Pause); Tunng – People Folk (album Mother’s Daughter and Other Songs); Caribou – Yeti (album The Milk Of Human Kindness):

20th century > shock rock

shock rock:

stylistic origins: rock music / cabaret / hard rock / heavy metal / punk rock / horror fiction / glam rock / science fiction /  shock value
cultural origins: 20th century

Shock rock is an umbrella term for artists who combine rock music or metal with highly theatrical live performances emphasizing shock value. Performances may include violent or provocative behavior from the artists, the use of attention-grabbing imagery such as costumes, masks, or face paint, or special effects such as pyrotechnics or fake blood. Shock rock also often includes elements of horror.

Screamin’ Jay Hawkins was arguably the first shock rocker. After the success of his 1956 hit “I Put a Spell on You”, Hawkins began to perform a recurring stunt at many of his live shows; he would emerge from a coffin, sing into a skull-shaped microphone and set off smoke bombs. Another artist who performed similar stunts was the British singer-songwriter Screaming Lord Sutch.

In the early 1970s, Cooper’s unique blend of heavy metal and punk rock, complete with sardonic and inevitably controversial lyrics, proved a powerful inspiration for many future genre artists such as KISS of the mid-1970s; W.A.S.P., Gwar, and King Diamond of the 1980s; and Marilyn Manson of the 1990s.

In the 1990s and 2000s, Marilyn Manson became perhaps the most notable and well known act in shock rock.

Screaming Lord Sutch – Jack The Ripper; Alice Cooper – Freedom; Rob Zombie – Living Dead Girl:

wagnerian rock

Wagnerian rock is a musical term originally coined by writer and producer Jim Steinman (to describe Meat Loaf’s Bat Out of Hell trilogy of albums) referring to the merger of twentieth-century rock and roll and nineteenth-century opera reminiscent of Richard Wagner and of Spector’s Wall of Sound. Artists and works described as Wagnerian include Patti Russo, Bonnie Tyler’s Faster Than the Speed of Night, progressive metal band Savatage, Pandora’s Box’s Original Sin, and producer and songwriter Phil Spector, progressive rock bands Pink Floyd and King Crimson and German industrial metal band Rammstein.

Meat Loaf – Bat Out of Hell; Bonnie Tyler – Faster Than the Speed of Night; Pandora’s Box – Original Sin:


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