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1960s > tex-mex
tex-mex (texan-mexican music):
Tex-Mex music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Mexican-American populations of Central and Southern Texas.
Tex-Mex is a unique fusion of rock & roll, blues, country, and various strains of Latin music, particularly conjunto. As far as rock & roll is concerned, Tex-Mex emerged in the ’60s, when garage rock bands like the Sir Douglas Quintet and vocalists like Freddy Fender began pounding out rock & roll that was spiced with south-of-the-border flourishes. During the ’70s, these conjunto, country, and blues roots became more pronounced and by the ’80s, Tex-Mex was established as a unique genre of its own that fell between the cracks of rock, country, and Latin music.
tex-mex / tejano music subgenres: chicano rock, classic, conjunto, conjunto progressive, new mex, tex-mex
tex-mex > chicano rock
Rock music performed by Mexican American (Chicano) groups or music with themes derived from Chicano culture.
tex-mex > new mex
This genre of Music is just in the State of New Mexico U.S.A. – It’s a combination of tejano, conjunto and rock.
mid 1960s > proto-prog
stylistic origins: progressive psychedelic rock
cultural origins: mid-1960s
Proto-prog (short for “proto-progressive”) is the first wave of British progressive rock musicians who branched from psychedelia or the advanced music that slightly predates the full-fledged prog era. Progressive rock (originally “progressive pop”) evolved from psychedelic/acid rock music, specifically a strain of classical/symphonic rock led by the Nice, Procol Harum, and the Moody Blues. Proto-prog musicians harnessed modern classical and other genres usually outside of traditional rock influences, longer and more complicated
compositions, interconnected songs as a medley, and studio composition.
The music was dubbed “progressive pop” before it was called “progressive rock”.
artists: The Beatles (later period), King Crimson, Pink Floyd, The Moody Blues, The Nice, Procol Harum, Soft Machine, The United States of America, Frank Zappa
mid 1960s > progressive rock
progressive rock (earlier known as progressive pop, later prog rock or prog, symphonic rock):
stylistic origins: stylistic origins: rock / pop / progressive music / proto-prog / psychedelic rock / acid rock / jazz / folk / classical
cultural origins: mid to late 1960s, United Kingdom and United States
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and the United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Initially termed “progressive pop”, the style was an outgrowth of psychedelic bands who abandoned standard pop traditions in favour of instrumentation and compositional techniques more frequently associated with jazz, folk, or classical music. Additional elements contributed to its “progressive” label: lyrics were more poetic, technology was harnessed for new sounds, music approached the condition of “art” and the studio, rather than the stage, became the focus of musical activity, which often involved creating music for listening, not dancing.
Prog is based on fusions of styles, approaches, and genres, involving a continuous move between formalism and eclecticism. Due to its historical reception, prog’s scope is sometimes limited to a stereotype of long solos, overlong albums, fantasy lyrics, grandiose stage sets and costumes, and an obsessive dedication to technical skill. While the genre is often cited for its merging of high culture and low culture, few artists incorporated literal classical themes in their work to any great degree, and only a handful of groups purposely emulated or referenced classical music.
King Crimson – 21st Century Schizoid Man; Genesis – The Return Of The Giant Hogweed; Pink Floyd – Echoes:
progressive rock subgenres: canterbury scene, avant-garde progressive rock, RIO, space rock, neo-progressive rock, zeuhl
roots rock > mid 1960s > swamp rock
“Swamp rock” is a fairly narrow field of music: the result of the integration of rockabilly artists with the soul explosion of the mid-60s, aided by a heavy infusion of the gritty sub-genre known as “swamp blues,” and also with a heavily rhythmic backbone that, at its loosest, could almost be described as funk. It’s a style whose primary yardstick is earthiness.
The work of Creedence Clearwater Revival and Tony Joe White is sometimes referred to as “swamp rock”, which is a distinct genre that drew more on 1960s rock than on the 1950s rhythm and blues sound that helped to define swamp pop.
Creedence Clearwater Revival – Green River; Tony Joe White – Polk Salad Annie:
The typical “swamp rock” song combines deep soul with a raw country, gritty blues, and a danceable beat. (The “swamp blues” in question was created by Nashville’s Excello label in the late Fifties by musicians like Slim Harpo, Lazy Lester, Lightnin’ Slim, and Roscoe Shelton.) It led to the principal defining guitar line of swamp rock: low, dirty, and full of reverb (and sometimes, for an extra funky touch, wah-wah).
mid 1960s > hard rock
hard rock (heavy rock):
stylistic origins: blues rock / psychedelic rock / acid rock / garage rock / electric blues / rock and roll
cultural origins: mid-1960s, United States and United Kingdom
Hard rock developed into a major form of popular music in the 1970s, with bands such as Led Zeppelin, The Who, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, AC/DC and Van Halen.
Led Zeppelin – Whole Lotta Love; AC/DC – Let There Be Rock (from Plug Me In); Eddie Van Halen Jamming at his house in 1974:
During the 1980s, some hard rock bands moved away from their hard rock roots and more towards pop rock, while others began to return to a hard rock sound. Established bands made a comeback in the mid-1980s and it reached a commercial peak in the 1980s, with glam metal bands like Bon Jovi and Def Leppard and the rawer sounds of Guns N’ Roses, which followed up with great success in the later part of that decade. Hard rock began losing popularity with the commercial success of R&B, Hip-Hop, Urban Pop, grunge and later Britpop in the 1990s. see more: hard rock genre