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pop rock > 1960s > power pop
stylistic origins: pop rock / hard rock / garage rock / beat music
cultural origins: 1960s, United Kingdom and United States
It was Pete Townshend, the guitarist, and songwriter for The Who, that coined the term “power pop” in a 1967 interview in order to describe their then-current single “Pictures of Lily”; He said: “Power pop is what we play—what the Small Faces used to play, and the kind of pop the Beach Boys played in the days of ‘Fun, Fun, Fun’ which I preferred.”
Although the formative influences on the genre were primarily British, the bands that developed and codified power pop in the 1970s were nearly all American. The Raspberries’ 1972 hit single “Go All The Way” is an almost perfect embodiment of the elements of power pop and that group’s four albums can be considered strongly representative of the genre.
In addition to his late 1960s band, Nazz, some of Todd Rundgren’s early 1970s solo work touched on power pop, as did the recordings of Blue Ash, the Flamin’ Groovies, Artful Dodger and, in particular, the Dwight Twilley Band (whose hit “I’m on Fire” is emblematic of the genre’s hybridity).
Another influential group of the period was Big Star. Though Big Star’s early 1970s career met with no commercial success, they developed an avid cult following and members of later bands like R.E.M. and the Replacements expressed esteem for the group’s work.
late 1960s > boogie rock
stylistic origins: boogie-woogie / rock and roll / blues rock / rhythm and blues / hard rock
cultural origins: late 1960s, Britain and United States
Boogie rock is a music genre which came out of the hard heavy blues-rock of the late 1960s. Largely designed for dance parties, it tends to feature a repetitive driving rhythm in place of instrumental experimentation found in the more progressive blues-rock bands of the period.
Boogie rockers concentrate on the groove, working a steady, chugging backbeat, often in shuffle time.
Bands include Canned Heat, ZZ Top, George Thorogood & The Destroyers, AC/DC, Vardis, Molly Hatchet, Status Quo, Savoy Brown, Grand Funk Railroad, Foghat, Humble Pie, Cactus, The Doors, and The Rolling Stones
“It’s got a backbeat, you can’t lose it” – Chuck Berry, “Rock and Roll Music”
late 1960s > heavy metal
heavy metal (or simply metal):
stylistic origins: blues rock / psychedelic rock
cultural origins: late 1960s, United Kingdom and United States
The bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. Heavy metal lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
The first heavy metal bands such as Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple attracted large audiences, though they were often derided by critics. During the mid-1970s, Judas Priest helped spur the genre’s evolution by discarding much of its blues influence; Motörhead introduced a punk rock sensibility and an increasing emphasis on speed. Beginning in the late 1970s, bands in the new wave of British heavy metal such as Iron Maiden and Saxon followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as “metalheads” or “headbangers”.
Judas Priest – Breaking The Law; Motörhead – Hellraiser; Iron Maiden – Wasted Years:
pop rock > late 1960s > soft rock
stylistic origins: pop rock / Brill Building
cultural origins: late 1960s, United States and United Kingdom
not to be confused with underground mining (soft rock)
Soft rock (or lite rock) is a development of pop rock. Originating in the early 1970s in southern California, the style smoothed over the edges of singer-songwriter and pop, relying on simple, melodic songs with big, lush productions. Soft rock dominated radio throughout the 1970s and eventually metamorphosed into the synthesized music of adult contemporary in the 1980s.
Bryan Adams – (Everything I Do) I Do It For You; Eagles – Hotel California; Elton John – Daniel:
The nostalgia term “yacht rock” appeared in the 2000s as a catch-all term for songs that were “soft” and reminiscent of the 1970s.
soft rock subgenres: yacht rock
folk rock > late 1960s > manila sound
stylistic origins: filipino folk / rock and roll / kundiman / jazz / disco / funk
cultural origins: late 1960s to early 1970s, Manila
Manila Sound is a musical genre in the Philippines that began in the mid-1970s in Manila, flourished and peaked in the mid to late 1970s, and has not waned in popularity to this day. It is often considered the “bright side” of the martial law era and has influenced all modern genres in the country by being the forerunner to OPM.
VST & Co. – Tayo’y Magsayawan; Manila by the Hotdogs; Cinderella – Don’t Know What You Got:
experimental rock > late 1960s > krautrock
stylistic origins: experimental rock / electronic / psychedelic rock / avant-garde / jazz / minimalism / funk
cultural origins: late 1960s and early 1970s, West Germany
Krautrock (also called “kosmische Musik”, German: “cosmic music”) is a broad genre of experimental rock that developed in Germany in the late 1960s. The term “krautrock” was originated by English-speaking music journalists as a humorous name for a diverse range of experimental German bands whose music drew on sources such as psychedelic rock, the avant-garde, electronic music, funk, minimalism, jazz improvisation, and world music styles.
Largely divorced from the traditional blues and rock and roll influences of British and American rock music up to that time, the period contributed to the evolution of electronic music and ambient music as well as the birth of post-punk, alternative rock and New Age music. Important acts of the scene include Can, early Kraftwerk, Neu!, Amon Düül II, Ash Ra Tempel, Tangerine Dream, and Faust.
NEU! – Hallogallo; Ash Ra Tempel-cosmic tango; Tangerine Dream – Alpha Centauri: